Amal Clooney is in New York to attend an important meeting with the United Nations Security Council meeting at the U.N. Headquarters to discuss the issue of sexual violence during conflict.
Crucially, Amal Clooney was in attendance to discuss the issue of sexual violence during conflict, and the potential reclassification of rape as a weapon of war.
Nadia Murad is Yazidi survivor of genocide and of human trafficking. Having been a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate in 2018, Murad now advocates on behalf of victims of sexual violence, and works closely with Amal Clooney, who also wrote the foreword to her book on the subject, The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State.
When the U.S. threatened to veto the U.N.’s resolution regarding sexual violence and rape, Amal Clooney challenged the suggestion.
The Trump administration’s opposition to abortion has led to the watering-down of a UN resolution on ending sexual violence in war.
The US removed all references to sexual and reproductive health.
The Security Council resolution, submitted by Germany, dropped all such references. The US, along with China and Russia, had threatened to veto it.
The Trump administration opposed a phrase on the grounds that it implies support for abortion.
The amended resolution passed 13-0, with Russia and China abstaining.
French UN ambassador Francois Delattre was scathing of the decision to exclude the reference to sexual health, saying it undermined the dignity of women.
“It is intolerable and incomprehensible that the Security Council is incapable of acknowledging that women and girls who suffered from sexual violence in conflict, and who obviously didn’t choose to become pregnant, should have the right to terminate their pregnancy,” he said.
The removed phrase read: “Recognizing the importance of providing timely assistance to survivors of sexual violence, urges United Nations entities and donors to provide non-discriminatory and comprehensive health services, in line with Resolution 2106.”
This line was thought to be a compromise from an earlier version, which included a more detailed description of the health services, “including sexual and reproductive health, psychosocial, legal, and livelihood support”.
This language had been used before in previous resolutions related to sexual violence, US media report.
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The new resolution condemns the use of rape as a weapon of war and expresses the Security Council’s concern at the slow progress in addressing sexual violence in conflict.
But while it urges improved justice for victims, the final version also removed a reference to a UN monitoring body that would report acts of sexual violence.
The initial resolution had garnered widespread support. Amal Clooney attended Tuesday’s Security Council meeting and urged members to vote in favour.
“This is your Nuremberg moment,” Mrs Clooney said. “Your chance to stand on the right side of history.”
Amal Clooney was joined by two 2018 Nobel Peace Prize winners, both anti-rape activists: Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad, an Iraqi Yazidi who was tortured and raped by Islamic State militants.
German foreign minister Heiko Maas also joined actress and activist Angelina Jolie in writing an article in the Washington Post on 22 April advocating the resolution.
International figures have denounced the US for weakening the resolution.
Amal Clooney said Tuesday she is requesting the transfer of a female member of the Islamic State extremist group to face justice for crimes against women from Iraq’s Yazidi minority and American hostage Kayla Mueller, who was killed in 2015.
Clooney represents Yazidi women and girls who were held in the house of Umm Sayyaf, the wife of Islamic State financier Abu Sayyaf. Mueller, a humanitarian aid worker, was also held there for a time.
Amal Clooney told a U.N. Security Council meeting on sexual violence in conflict that the Yazidis were raped by IS men and that Mueller “was held in brutal conditions for over 18 months and raped repeatedly” by the militant group’s leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
“Umm Sayyaf showed no solidarity with her fellow females: She locked them in a room, instigated their beatings and put makeup on them to ‘prepare’ them for rape,” Clooney said. “I am requesting her transfer to the U.S. to face justice for those crimes.”
She did not say where Umm Sayyaf was being held, nor whether she was also representing Mueller’s family.
Mueller’s death was reported in February 2015 and U.S. intelligence officials told her family four months later that she was repeatedly forced to have sex with al-Baghdadi.
“They told us that he married her, and we all understand what that means,” Carl Mueller, Kayla’s father, told The Associated Press on Aug. 15, 2015, which would have been his daughter’s 27th birthday.
The Muellers said they were told by American officials that during his lengthy American interrogation in Iraq, Umm Sayyaf confirmed that al-Baghdadi had “owned” Kayla.
Umm Sayyaf was turned over to the Iraqi Kurds for trial. Abu Sayyaf was killed in a Delta Force raid on his Syrian compound in June 2015, which resulted in a treasure trove of intelligence about the Islamic State group.
Mueller, from Prescott, Arizona, was taken hostage with her boyfriend, Omar Alkhani, in August 2013 after leaving a Doctors Without Borders hospital in Aleppo, Syria, where he had been hired to fix the internet service for the hospital. Alkhani was released after two months, having been beaten.
The Islamic State group claimed Mueller was killed by a Jordanian air strike near Raqqa, the group’s then self-declared capital in Syria. U.S. officials confirmed the death but not the circumstances.
Amal Clooney said the Kurdish regional government in Iraq has appealed for an international tribunal to prosecute foreign fighters.
She told the Security Council there were four options members should consider to prosecute IS perpetrators:
-Refer the situation to the International Criminal Court, which she called difficult because of U.S. and Russian opposition.
-Have “likeminded” countries that believe in justice set up a court by treaty.
-Ask the European Union to establish a court.
-Have Iraq enter into a treaty with the U.N. to establish a hybrid court like the joint U.N. tribunals set up to prosecute crimes in Sierra Leone and Cambodia.
The Washington Times, LLC.
For the meeting at the U.N. Headquarters, Amal Clooney wore a smart black dress with short sleeves by Balenciaga , which featured buttons down the front. She accessorized the look with nude heels by Jimmy Choo, and wore a pair of sunglasses as she left the venue.
Amal Clooney wore a dress by BALENCIAGA
BALENCIAGA haute couture black dress, circa 1958
Available here 2400$
With a DIOR Bar bag
VANLELES diamonds round earrings
GIANVITO ROSSI suede pumps
And logo sunglasses
ELIE SAAB ES 014/S
Black/grey Shaded (807/5B)
And a grey wrap coat
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